- To study the effect of testicular vessel division on testicular volume during laparoscopic staged Fowler Stephens orchiopexy (LSFSO).
- To describe the phenotype, referral pattern, and trends of urologic management for children with megacystis microcolon intestinal hypoperistalsis syndrome.
- To evaluate the effect of a novel at-home approach to electrical foot stimulation of peripheral tibial nerve branches on the frequency of nocturnal enuresis episodes in children.
- To study the individual patient-related risk factors in those undergoing open corrective vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) surgery in a contemporary series. The management of VUR remains controversial, and the indications for open surgery has evolved from that of surgeon and patient preference to criteria involving breakthrough urinary tract infections and grade of VUR.