- To better understand why children born with cloacal anomalies are at a high risk of renal insufficiency, this study aims to determine baseline renal volume in children with cloacal anomalies compared to controls. We hypothesized children with cloacal anomalies would be born with less renal volume.
- To determine if intradetrusor injection of onabotulinumtoxin-A (BTX-A) would reduce postoperative narcotic and anticholinergic requirements in children undergoing open continent bladder reconstruction.
- To characterize the utilization of delayed phase computed tomography (CT) imaging in blunt renal trauma and determine if the omission of delayed phase CT imaging affected clinical outcomes in children.
- To identify if any preoperative variables are associated with postoperative complications after pediatric sacral neuromodulation (SNM).