- To evaluate contact surface area (CSA) between the tumor and parenchyma as a predictor of ipsilateral parenchyma and function preserved after partial nephrectomy (PN). Previous studies suggested that CSA is a strong predictor of functional outcomes but the limitations of CSA have not been adequately explored.
- To evaluate whether excised parenchymal mass (EPM) during partial nephrectomy (PN) correlates with functional decline and can serve as a surrogate for functional outcomes.
- To compare the surgical precision for optimizing nephron-mass preservation of tumor enucleation (TE) vs standard partial nephrectomy (SPN), with primary focus on functional outcomes. TE is presumed to optimize preservation of parenchymal mass and function but this has not yet been rigorously studied and quantified.