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Ejaculatory Preserving Holmium Laser Enucleation of the Median Lobe: Preserving Sexual Function While Improving Urinary Outcomes

Published:January 13, 2023DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.urology.2022.12.035

      Objective

      To evaluate perioperative outcomes related to sexual and urinary function in patients who underwent a holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) with selective laser enucleation of the median lobe.

      Materials and Methods

      We retrospectively reviewed the first 450 HoLEP cases by a single surgeon from April 2019 to March 2022. Fifty-five patients with intravesical-prostatic protrusion or high bladder neck without obstructing lateral lobes underwent selective enucleation of the median lobe of the prostate. Patients were asked to comment on whether they had retrograde ejaculation during their follow-up appointment. Urinary function was assessed using the American Urological Association Symptom Score and subjective evaluation of urinary incontinence.

      Results

      Median age of the cohort was 65 years (range: 44-91). Compared to preoperative, there was significant improvement in mean postoperative American Urological Association Symptom Score (22.5 vs 6.9, P < .001), mean postoperative quality of life scores (4 vs 1.2, P < .001), and mean postoperative post void residual volumes (244.1 vs 69.3 cc, P < .001). No patients reported stress urinary incontinence. Of the 55 patients who underwent selective enucleation of the median lobe, 40 were sexually active. Of those men, 35 reported normal ejaculation, 3 had retrograde ejaculation that was unchanged from pre-op, and 2 had new ejaculatory dysfunction.

      Conclusion

      In this case series of selective laser enucleation of the median lobe, urinary function significantly improved in short-term follow-up with preservation of ejaculation in approximately 90% of men.
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