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Sleep Disorders Are Associated with Female Sexual Desire and Genital Response - A U.S. Claims Database Analysis

Published:November 28, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.urology.2022.11.017

      Objective

      To assess the association of common sleep disorders with female sexual dysfunction.

      Materials and Methods

      We conducted a cross-sectional analysis using the TriNetX Diamond Network. Adult women diagnosed with insomnia, obstructive sleep apnea, or circadian rhythm sleep disorder were assessed to determine the association with female sexual dysfunction, hypoactive sexual desire disorder, female orgasmic disorder, and female sexual arousal disorder. A propensity-score matched control cohort for age, race, ethnicity, tobacco use, outpatient service utilization, obesity, hyperlipidemia, diabetes mellitus, hypertensive disease, ischemic heart disease, and surgical procedures on the female genital system was generated, excluding those with any sleep disorders, sleep deprivation, or morbid obesity with alveolar hypoventilation. All cohorts excluded those with any antidepressant or antipsychotic prescriptions.

      Results

      Our query yielded 1,317,491 women diagnosed with sleep apnea, 1,538,567 with insomnia, and 58,902 with circadian rhythm sleep disorder. Women with sleep apnea and insomnia had higher odds of hypoactive sexual desire disorder, female sexual arousal disorder, and female orgasmic disorder compared to matched controls. Women with sleep apnea, insomnia, or circadian rhythm sleep disorder all had a significantly higher odds of female sexual dysfunction compared to matched controls.

      Conclusion

      In this large cross-sectional analysis, sleep disorders were strongly associated with female sexual dysfunction. It is thus crucial for providers to screen for poor sleep when conducting a thorough evaluation for sexual dysfunction in women to diagnose highly prevalent sleep disorders and improve overall health.
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