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Perioperative and Oncologic Outcomes Associated with Simultaneous Radical Cystectomy and Nephroureterectomy

Published:November 24, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.urology.2022.09.039

      ABSTRACT

      Objective

      To compare the perioperative and oncologic outcomes associated with RCNU to a matched cohort undergoing RC alone. Simultaneous radical cystectomy and nephroureterectomy (RCNU) for synchronous upper tract and bladder urothelial carcinoma is an uncommon procedure. Sparse literature exists comparing outcomes in patients treated with radical cystectomy (RC) alone versus RCNU.

      Methods

      Adults treated with RCNU for urothelial carcinoma of the bladder (UCB) and upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) between 1980 and 2020 were identified. Patients were matched 2:1 to patients undergoing RC alone for UCB based on age (+/- 5 years), gender, BMI (+/- 5), Charlson Comorbidity Index, pathologic staging (stage ≤pT2 vs >pT2), and receipt of neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Outcomes included overall survival (OS), recurrence free survival (RFS), cancer specific survival (CSS), 30-day complications, length of stay (LOS), operative time, and estimated blood loss (EBL).

      Results

      A total of 39 patients undergoing RCNU were identified and matched to 74 patients undergoing RC. There were no significant differences in LOS, EBL, or 30-day complication rates. Operative time was significantly longer in the RC cohort. OS (HR 0.58, CI 0.35 – 0.97, p=0.036) was significantly better for patients undergoing RC alone, while no significant difference was noted in RFS (HR 0.65, 0.34-1.24) and CSS (HR 0.58, CI 0.31-1.08, p=0.08).

      Conclusions

      Patients undergoing RCNU had significantly lower OS compared to a matched group of patients undergoing RC alone. Perioperative outcomes between the groups did not differ significantly. This data can inform patient counseling for treatment of this rare disease state.

      Key Words

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