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Obstructing Ureteral Calculi and Presumed Infection: Impact of Antimicrobial Duration and Time From Decompression to Stone Treatment in Developing Urosepsis

Published:November 02, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.urology.2022.10.010

      OBJECTIVE

      To determine whether the duration of antibiotic treatment and timing between urgent renal decompression and stone intervention impacts the risk of developing urosepsis following definitive stone treatment.

      MATERIALS & METHODS

      A retrospective review of patients who were diagnosed with obstructive urolithiasis and underwent urgent decompression with a ureteral double J stent or percutaneous nephrostomy at our institution between 2012 and 2018 was performed. We narrowed our analysis to the subset of patients who had suspected infection and received definitive stone treatment at our institution. Demographic, infection and antimicrobial data, and initial admission to stone treatment characteristics were collected. Factors associated with developing urosepsis were analyzed.

      RESULTS

      We identified 872 patients who were treated with urgent renal decompression, of which 215 were analyzed that had suspected infection and also received definitive stone removal at our institution. Thirty-three had fevers, 64.2% had a positive urine culture, and 45.6% had urosepsis at the initial presentation. The median antibiotics duration post decompression was 13 days (IQR 8-18). The median duration from decompression to stone treatment was 17 days (IQR 12-27). Of all, 4.6% of the patients developed urosepsis post ureteroscopy and 5% post percutaneous nephrolithotomy. No factors were associated with developing urosepsis post stone treatment on logistic regression analyses.

      CONCLUSION

      In patients requiring urgent decompression for obstructing urolithiasis and suspected infection, the time between decompression and stone treatment and the length of antibiotic exposure did not impact rates of postoperative urosepsis. This highlights the importance of maintaining high clinical suspicion for prolonged use of antibiotics, to prevent overtreatment and possible exacerbation of antibiotic resistance.
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