Characteristics of Medical Schools in the United States Associated With Successful Match into Urology Residency Programs: Analysis of the 2016-2021 Urology Resident Cohort

Published:October 13, 2022DOI:


      To determine the characteristics of US medical schools associated with successful urology match applicants.

      Materials and Methods

      Using publicly available data, demographics and bibliometrics were collected for 1814 current urology residents who attend a US-based Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) Accredited program, reflecting matched applicants over a 6-year period from 2016-2021. A generated list of US feeder medical schools for urology was analyzed for correlative and predictive factors. Statistical analyses to characterize these factors included Pearson's Correlation Coefficient (PCC) and univariable and multivariable linear regression, respectively, as needed.


      There were 516 (28.45%) female residents and 58 (3.20%) international medical graduates. The mean number of published papers and abstracts ± SD pre-residency was 5.54 ± 7.20 with a mean h-index of 1.97 ± 2.24. The Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine had the highest percentage of successful matches into urology (n = 7, 3.65%), while the State University of New York Downstate Medical Center College of Medicine produced the highest absolute number (n = 41, 3.30%). The presence of a home urology program and pre-residency h-index had the strongest correlation with producing urology residents (PCC = 0.5769 and 0.3709, respectively, P<.0001).


      Understanding the characteristics of a successful urology match applicant and the medical schools that produce them will be vital as USMLE Step 1 exam becomes pass/fail. Further research into these schools’ curricula is required to better understand the effect of early exposure to urology on matching into urology.
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