Preference Signaling in the 2022 Urology Residency Match – The Applicant Perspective

Published:September 30, 2022DOI:



      To evaluate the applicant experience with preference signaling during the 2022 Urology Residency Match.


      An anonymous electronic survey was emailed to all urology residency applicants who applied to Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School during the 2021-2022 application cycle. The survey collected information regarding applicant demographics, applicant characteristics, preference signal destinations, match outcomes, and attitude towards preference signaling.


      A total of 601 applicants applied to the 2022 Urology Residency Match, 283 of which applied to the urology residency program at Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School. Of the 283 applicants, 53 (19%) responded to our survey. Rate of interview for preference signaled programs was 54.23%, with a significantly lower rate of interview for comparative, non-signaled programs (40.54%; P = .001). Of respondents, 14.29%, 26.19%, and 35.71% matched to their home program, a program they signaled, or a program where they completed an away rotation, respectively. 96% of applicants favored continuation of the preference signaling program.


      Our study suggests preference signaling in the 2022 Urology Match may have been an effective method of expressing interest in a program. Respondents of our survey overwhelmingly favor continuation of the program in future urology matches. However, it may not address the underlying, growing problem of the increasing application burden on applicants and programs alike. We encourage more comprehensive studies to further clarify the effects of preference signaling on the Urology Match.
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