The Complex History of Retzius: More Than a Preperitoneal Eponym

      Eponyms are a long-standing tradition in the medical field, usually to honor a prominent physician or scientist that has played a significant role in the identification of anatomy or pathology. Various eponyms occur in urology from Fournier to Foley, honoring physicians that have helped progress the field of urology. While eponyms are meant as a tribute to those that have made tremendous advancements in medicine; recent investigation into the origin of eponyms spanning various specialties has revealed those honored may not represent individuals worthy of recognition. While they may be talented scientists and physicians, modern discoveries have led the medical community to question if eponyms have a place in our culture, especially when the individual's views and actions defy what physicians themselves stand for.
      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'


      Subscribe to Urology
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect


        • Retzius A.
        Some remarks on the proper design of the semilunar lines of Douglas. With three illustrations.
        Edinb Med J. Apr 1858; 3: 865-867
      1. Myklebust JP. KI Under Pressure to Address Dark Side of Its History. University World News.

        • Retzius A
        • Moore WD.
        A glance at the present state of ethnology, with reference to the form of the skull.
        Br Foreign Med Chir Rev. 1860; 26: 215-230
        • Forssling GE.
        Regeneration: racial science, eugenics and the emergence of nordicism.
        Nordicism and Modernity. Springer, 2020: 81-123
        • Kyllingstad JR
        The origin of the long-skulled germanic race.
        In: Measuring the Master Race: Physical Anthropology in Norway, 1890-1945. 1 ed. Cambridge: Open Book Publishers, 2014: 1-16 (ISBN: 9782821876217)
      2. Åhrén E. KI and the legacy of Anders and Gustaf Retzius. Updated 08/20/2021.

        • Kylin H.
        The Missing Skull - Professor Lundborg and the mismeasure of grandma.
        Endeavour. Jun 2016; 40: 131-134
        • Retzius A
        • Retzius G
        Ethnologische Schriften.
        1864 (P.A. Norstedt: Austrian National Library. Apr 19, 2017)
        • Panush RS
        • Wallace DJ
        • Dorff RE
        • Engleman EP.
        Retraction of the suggestion to use the term “Reiter's syndrome” sixty-five years later: the legacy of Reiter, a war criminal, should not be eponymic honor but rather condemnation.
        Arthritis Rheum. Feb 2007; 56: 693-694
        • Kyllingstad JR
        • Kyllingstad JR.
        Measuring the master race: Physical anthropology in Norway, 1890-1945.
        JSTOR. 2014; 1: 1-276
        • Woywodt A
        • Matteson E.
        Should eponyms be abandoned? Yes.
        Bmj. Sep 1 2007; 335 (AD): 424
        • Desikan RS
        • Barkovich AJ.
        Hazards of neurological nomenclature: observations from neurodevelopmental and neurodegenerative disorders.
        JAMA Neurol. Oct 1 2017; 74: 1165-1166
        • Whitworth JA
        Should eponyms be abandoned? No.
        Bmj. Sep 1 2007; 335 (AD): 425
      3. Local AT. Sweden's Karolinska Institute to remove racists’ names from campus. The Local se.