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Prospective Cross-Sectional Evaluation of Penile Helicine Circulation by Power Doppler During Dynamic Ultrasound in Veno-Occlusive Erectile Dysfunction

      Abstract

      Objective

      To evaluate the usefulness of Power Doppler to improve the diagnostic work up of veno-occlusive erectile dysfunction patients.

      Materials and Methods

      Patients affected by erectile dysfunction, mean IIEF 5 = 13.5 (12-17) for at least 6 months, were enrolled in a prospective cross-sectional study. All patients underwent Dynamic Power Doppler after intracavernous injection of vasoactive drugs (PGE1 20 mcg and Papaverine 6 mg). Poor responders’ patients subsequently underwent to cavernosometry to get a full assessment of the vascular framework.

      Results

      202 patients (mean age 46 years), were included in the study. 96 subjects (47.5%) who did not adequately respond to the intracavernous injection -test, subsequently underwent to cavernosometry. In 42 of 96 patients (43.7%) cavernosometry was positive for veno-occlusive dysfunction. In a total of 160 patients who did not have veno-occlusive dysfunction (54 with negative cavernosometry + 106 intracavernous injection-test responders), the Power Doppler was normal in 126 (78.8%) and pathological in 34 (21.3%) in terms of steric conformation of “low flow” vessels corresponding to the Cavernosal Terminal Unit. The diagnostic sensitivity of Power Doppler towards veno-occlusive dysfunction was found to be 52.4% (Positive Predictive Value: 39.3%), the specificity was 78.8% (Negative Predictive Value: 86.3%) and the total diagnostic accuracy was equal to 73.3%.

      Conclusion

      Collected data evidenced that patients who reported altered morphological features of the Cavernosal Terminal Unit had an approximately 4-fold greater risk of having veno-occlusive dysfunction compared to patients who had normal Power Doppler features (OR = 4.076; 95% CI: 1.996-8.327).
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