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      The authors describe availability of lactation information on urology residency websites. Not unsurprisingly, these details were hard to come by. As a surgical subspecialty dominated by men, urology can be an extraordinarily difficult environment for the pregnant or lactating trainee. In a recent survey of largely surgical residents, 73% of childbearing respondents reported residency limited their ability to lactate, and 56% reported difficulties with breastfeeding during residency impacted their mental health. Only 21% reported access to usable lactation rooms.
      • Peters GW
      • Kuczmarska-Haas A
      • Holliday EB
      • et al.
      Lactation challenges of resident physicians- results of a national survey.
      Women surgeons are more likely to delay childbearing, more likely to use assisted reproductive technology, and more likely to suffer complications of pregnancy and childbirth than the female partners of their colleagues.
      • Rangel EL
      • Castillo-Angeles M
      • Easter SR
      • et al.
      Incidence of infertility and pregnancy complications in US female surgeons.
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      References

        • Peters GW
        • Kuczmarska-Haas A
        • Holliday EB
        • et al.
        Lactation challenges of resident physicians- results of a national survey.
        BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2020; 20: 762https://doi.org/10.1186/s12884-020-03436-3
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        Incidence of infertility and pregnancy complications in US female surgeons.
        JAMA Surg. 2021; https://doi.org/10.1001/jamasurg.2021.3301
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