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Effects of Biofeedback Combined With Pilates Training on Post-prostatectomy Incontinence

      Abstract

      Objective

      To verify the effect of Pilates training combined with biofeedback training, Kegel training combined with biofeedback training, and Kegel training alone on post-prostatectomy incontinence in male patients.

      Material and methods

      Forty-two patients were randomly divided into 3 groups. The changes occurring to the 3 groups before and after treatment and the differences between the 3 groups were assessed using a 1-hour pad test, number of incontinent episodes, the ICIQ questionnaire, and the Oxford Grading Scale. The 3 groups were required to undergo daily training for an 8-week period.

      Results

      At 8 weeks, groups A, B and C experienced a 34.3%, 61.9%, and 67% improvement in the 1-hour pad test, respectively, and 32.1%, 52.9%, and 58.8% reduction in the number of urinary incontinence episodes, respectively, and a 29.4%, 50%, and 64.7% reduction in the ICIQ Scale, respectively, and a 33.3%, 50%, and 50% in Oxford Grading Scale improvement, respectively. The graph results showed that the effect was noted after 3 weeks of treatment and a significant effect occurred by the eighth week of treatment.

      Conclusion

      Three methods were shown to optimize urinary continence and pelvic floor muscle strength of patients with post-prostatectomy incontinence. The treatment effect of group C was better than group B, but there was no statistically significant difference in the 1-hour pad tests. It is particularly important to understand the time sensitivity for patient training.
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