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Bulbomembranous Urethral Strictures Repair After Surgical Treatment of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia. Experience From a Latin American Referral Centre

Published:October 21, 2020DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.urology.2020.08.085

      Objective

      To evaluate stricture recurrence and urinary incontinence (UI) rates in patients who underwent bulbomembranous anastomosis for management of short (≤ 2cm) bulbomembranous urethral stricture (BMS) after benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) surgical treatment. In addition, we studied if there was any relation between post urethroplasty UI and the method employed for BPH surgical treatment.

      Materials and methods

      A retrospective study was conducted between January 2011 and October 2019. We included all patients who developed BMS after undergoing Transurethral Resection of the Prostate, Holmium Laser Enucleation of the Prostate or Open Simple Prostatectomy (OSP). We excluded patients with UI after BPH surgical treatment as well as patients who underwent a dorsal or ventral onlay oral graft urethroplasty for longer proximal bulbar strictures, and also patients with associated bladder neck contracture or other strictures locations. We defined failure as the need for any intervention to restore the urethral caliber.

      Results

      Overall, 77 patients were included in the study with mean age 70 years (sd 8). Median BMS length was 1.5 cm (IQR 1-2). Median follow-up was 53 months (IQR 24 to 82). Of the patients, 74/77 (96.1%) were classified as success and 3/77 (3.9%), as failure. Out of the 6/77 (7.8%) patients who had postoperative UI, 5 of them had been treated for their BPH with OSP (p 0.001).

      Conclusions

      Bulbomembranous anastomosis is a suitable reconstructive option for short proximal bulbar urethral strictures after BPH surgical treatment. OSP was associated with postoperative UI more frequently than endoscopic treatments modalities.
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