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- A randomized controlled study to compare the 2% lignocaine and aqueous lubricating gels for female urethral catheterization.Pain Pract. 2014; 14: 140-145
- Comparison of lignocaine and water‐based lubricating gels for female urethral catheterization: a randomized controlled trial.Emerg Med Austral. 2007; 19: 315-319
- Lidocaine jelly and plain aqueous gel for urethral straight catheterization and the Q-tip test: a randomized controlled trial.Obstetr Gynecol. 2009; 114: 547-550
- Pain during female urethral catheterization: intraurethral lubricant injection versus catheter tip lubrication—a prospective randomized trial.J Urol. 2015; 194: 1018-1021
- Lidocaine 2% gel versus plain lubricating gel for pain reduction during flexible cystoscopy: a meta-analysis of prospective, randomized, controlled trials.J Urol. 2008; 179: 986-990
- Meta‐analysis: does lidocaine gel before flexible cystoscopy provide pain relief?.BJU Int. 2009; 104: 506-510
- Reduction of pain during flexible cystoscopy: a systematic review and meta-analysis.J Urol. 2019; 202: 1136-1142
- The community‐based morbidity of flexible cystoscopy.BJU Int. 2002; 89: 347-349
- Morbidity following cystoscopy: comparison of flexible and rigid techniques.Br J Urol. 1990; 66: 152-154
- The effect of lidocaine gel on pain perception during diagnostic flexible cystoscopy in women: a randomized control trial.Female Pelvic Med Reconstruct Surg. 2019; 25: 178-184
- Factors affecting pain scores during female urethral catheterization.Acad Emerg Med. 2004; 11: 699-702
- The effect of office based flexible and rigid cystoscopy on pain experience in female patients.Invest Clin Urol. 2017; 58: 48-53
- Randomized trial comparing office flexible to rigid cystoscopy in women.Int Urogynecol J. 2012; 23: 1625-1630
- Flexible and rigid cystoscopy in women.JSLS J Soc Laparoendosc Surg. 2009; 13: 135
- Randomized controlled trial to assess the impact of high concentration intraurethral lidocaine on urodynamic voiding parameters.Urology. 2019; 133: 72-77
- Miller's Anesthesia - 9th ed.Miller’s Anesthesia. 9 ed. Elsevier, Philadelphia, PA2019
- Onset and duration of hypoalgesia following application of lidocaine spray on genital mucosa.Acta obstetricia et gynecologica Scandinavica. 1994; 73: 809-811
Declarations of interest: None.