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Hip Joint Pathology Among Men Referred to Urology for Chronic Orchialgia: A Source for Misdiagnosis and Opportunity for Quality Improvement

      Abstract

      Objective

      To evaluate the findings of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the ipsilateral hip(s) as part of the workup of men with chronic orchialgia (CO).

      Methods

      Following IRB approval, a retrospective chart review was performed from a single surgeon database of all men with a diagnosis of CO from June 2018 to October 2019 who underwent subsequent hip MRI evaluation.

      Results

      Ten men were identified. Median age was 51 years and median duration of pain was 10 months. MRI was obtained after testis pathology was ruled out. Pain was noted in the groin (100%) and hip (50%). Hip MRI identified overt labral tears in 8 men (10/12 hips evaluated, 83%) and labral fraying in the remaining 2 (16.7%). Standard plain film radiography was performed in 6 men prior to MRI, all of which were negative. Following MRI, 5 men underwent hip injection with steroid and local analgesic with lasting resolution (2 men) or significant improvement in pain (2 men; 80%, follow-up 3-15 months). Two men had complete resolution of pain with 8 weeks of physical therapy.

      Conclusion

      Hip MRI has a high rate of diagnosis of labral tear in appropriately selected men referred to the urologist for CO. Identification of orthopedic pathology may avoid unnecessary antibiotics, opiates, or urological surgery. Referrals to orthopedics and/or physical therapy for intervention may lead to resolution of pain.
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