Advertisement

Gender and Invited Authorship in the Journal of Pediatric Urology

      Abstract

      Objective

      To evaluate the evolving role of gender in invited authorship and editorial positions in the Journal of Pediatric Urology.

      Materials and Methods

      We recorded editorial board members and first and senior authors for all editorials and invited commentaries for all issues of the Journal of Pediatric Urology from 2005 to August 2018. We also recorded first and senior authors for original research articles from selected years for comparison. Gender was confirmed for each individual by visiting institutional websites and performing internet searches. The same was done for the Societies for Pediatric Urology membership.

      Results

      A total of 143 editorials and 162 invited commentaries were identified within the study period, with numbers increasing each year. Overall, these publications had 448 first and senior authorships, of which 10% were female. Of the 898 editorial board positions over the study period, 7% were held by females. The proportion of female authorships increased over time (P = .04), while the proportion of female board members did not (P = .9).

      Conclusions

      Female invited authorship has increased over the past 13 years in the Journal of Pediatric Urology. However, editorial board membership has lagged, indicating an opportunity for improvement.
      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'

      Subscribe:

      Subscribe to Urology
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect

      References

        • Pruthi RS
        • Neuwahl S
        • Nielsen ME
        • Fraher E
        Recent trends in the urology workforce in the United States.
        Urology. 2013; 82: 987-994https://doi.org/10.1016/j.urology.2013.04.080
        • Association AU
        The State of the Urology Workforce and Practice in the United States 2018.
        2018 (Available at:) (Accessed February 29, 2020)
        • Weiss DA
        • Kovshilovskaya B
        • Breyer BN
        Gender trends of urology manuscript authors in the United States: a 35-year progression.
        J Urol. 2012; 187: 253-258https://doi.org/10.1016/j.juro.2011.09.029
        • Spencer ES
        • Deal AM
        • Pruthi NR
        • et al.
        Gender differences in compensation,job satisfaction and other practice patterns in urology.
        J Urol. 2016; 195: 450-455https://doi.org/10.1016/j.juro.2015.08.100
        • Fishman M
        • Williams WA
        • Goodman DM
        • Ross LF
        Gender differences in the authorship of original research in pediatric journals, 2001-2016.
        J Pediatr. 2017; 191 (244-249.e1)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2017.08.044
        • Jagsi R
        • Guancial EA
        • Worobey CC
        • et al.
        The “Gender Gap” in authorship of academic medical literature—a 35-year perspective.
        N Engl J Med. 2006; 355: 281-287https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMsa053910
        • Wang LC
        • Mittal AG
        • Puttmann K
        • et al.
        The changing gender landscape of pediatric urology fellowship: results from a survey of fellows and recent graduates.
        J Pediatr Urol. 2019; 15: 51-57https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpurol.2018.09.001
        • Rushton HG
        • Kaplan GW
        • Mitchell ME
        • Caldamone AA
        Road to pediatric urology subcertification: a 25-year journey.
        J Pediatr Urol. 2019; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpurol.2019.02.017
      1. Journal of Pediatric Urology Society Information. https://www.jpurol.com/content/societyinfo. Accessed February 29, 2020.

      2. Journal Insights - Journal of Pediatric Urology 5 Year Impact Factor. Accessed February 29, 2020.

        • Diamond SJ
        • Thomas CR
        • Desai S
        • et al.
        Gender differences in publication productivity, academic rank, and career duration among U.S. academic gastroenterology faculty.
        Acad Med. 2016; 91: 1158-1163https://doi.org/10.1097/ACM.0000000000001219
        • Williams EA
        • Kolek EA
        • Saunders DB
        • Remaly A
        • Wells RS
        Mirror on the field: gender, authorship, and research methods in higher education's leading journals.
        J Higher Educ. 2017; 89: 28-53https://doi.org/10.1080/00221546.2017.1330599
        • Williams WA
        • Garvey KL
        • Goodman DM
        • Lauderdale DS
        • Ross LF
        The role of gender in publication in the journal of pediatrics 2015-2016: equal reviews, unequal opportunities.
        J Pediatr. 2018; 200 (254-260.e1.)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2018.06.059
        • Brown MA
        • Erdman MK
        • Munger AM
        • Miller AN
        Despite growing number of women surgeons, authorship gender disparity in orthopaedic literature persists over 30 years.
        Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2019; : 1https://doi.org/10.1097/corr.0000000000000849
        • Akhtar K
        • Alvand A
        • Oxon D
        Topics in training.
        J Bone Jt Surg Am. 2016; 98: 75-81
        • Seetharam A
        • Ali MT
        • Wang CY
        • et al.
        Authorship trends in the journal of orthopaedic research: a bibliometric analysis.
        J Orthop Res. 2018; https://doi.org/10.1002/jor.24054
        • Piper CL
        • Scheel JR
        • Lee CI
        • Forman HP
        Representation of women on radiology journal editorial boards: a 40-year analysis.
        Acad Radiol. 2018; 25: 1640-1645https://doi.org/10.1016/j.acra.2018.03.031
        • Piper CL
        • Scheel JR
        • Lee CI
        • Forman HP
        Gender trends in radiology authorship: a 35-year analysis.
        Am J Roentgenol. 2016; 206: 3-7https://doi.org/10.2214/AJR.15.15116
        • Henderson AA
        • Murray KS
        • Ahmed H
        Female representation on Journal Editorial Boards-is urology behind the times?.
        J Urol. 2019; 201: 237-238https://doi.org/10.1016/j.juro.2018.09.044
        • Seemann NM
        • Webster F
        • Holden HA
        • et al.
        Women in academic surgery: why is the playing field still not level?.
        Am J Surg. 2016; 211: 343-349https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjsurg.2015.08.036
        • Neumayer L
        • Kaiser S
        • Anderson K
        • et al.
        Perceptions of women medical students and their influence on career choice.
        Am J Surg. 2002; 183: 146-150https://doi.org/10.1016/S0002-9610(01)00863-7
        • Amrein K
        • Langmann A
        • Fahrleitner-Pammer A
        • Pieber TR
        • Zollner-Schwetz I
        Women underrepresented on editorial boards of 60 major medical journals.
        Gend Med. 2011; 8: 378-387https://doi.org/10.1016/j.genm.2011.10.007