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“You Can't Be What You Can't See”—Are Women in Pediatric Urology Visible at National Meetings?

      In 1995, 1.2% of board-certified urologists were women.
      • Yang JH
      • Donat SM
      Elisabeth Pauline Pickett (1918-): opening the door for women in urological oncology.
      Since then, the number of women urologists has risen with the 2018 American Urological Association census reporting 9.2% of all practicing urologists, 21.6% of urologists <45 years old, and 24% of American urology residents being women.

      Anon: The State of the Urology Workforce and Practice in the United States 2018. American Urological Association. Available at: file:///Users/Vi/Downloads/2018%20The%20State%20of%20the%20Urology%20Workforce%20Census%20Book%20(1).pdf. Accessed September 25, 2019

      ,

      Anon: Urology Residents in the United States and Across the Globe 2016-2018. American Urological Association. Available at: file:///Users/Vi/Downloads/2018%20Resident%20Census%20(2).pdf. Accessed September 25, 2019

      This increase in the number of women over time is common throughout several fields of medicine, demonstrating the ongoing influx of women into both medicine in general and into historically male-dominant subspecialties.
      • Davis EC
      • Risucci DA
      • Blair PG
      • et al.
      Women in surgery residency programs: evolving trends from a national perspective.
      Urology in particular has seen a rapid growth rate in the number of female residents, with an 11-fold increase over last 3 decades.
      • Halpern JA
      • Lee UJ
      • Wolff EM
      • et al.
      Women in urology residency, 1978-2013: a critical look at gender representation in our specialty.
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      1. Anon: The State of the Urology Workforce and Practice in the United States 2018. American Urological Association. Available at: file:///Users/Vi/Downloads/2018%20The%20State%20of%20the%20Urology%20Workforce%20Census%20Book%20(1).pdf. Accessed September 25, 2019

      2. Anon: Urology Residents in the United States and Across the Globe 2016-2018. American Urological Association. Available at: file:///Users/Vi/Downloads/2018%20Resident%20Census%20(2).pdf. Accessed September 25, 2019

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