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A 17-Gene Panel Genomic Prostate Score Has Similar Predictive Accuracy for Adverse Pathology at Radical Prostatectomy in African American and European American Men

      Abstract

      Objective

      To validate the 17-gene Oncotype DX Genomic Prostate Score (GPS) as a predictor of adverse pathology (AP) in African American (AA) men and to assess the distribution of GPS in AA and European American (EA) men with localized prostate cancer.

      Methods

      The study populations were derived from 2 multi-institutional observational studies. Between February 2009 and September 2014, AA and EA men who elected immediate radical prostatectomy after a ≥10-core transrectal ultrasound biopsy were included in the study. Logistic regressions, area under the receiver operating characteristics curves (AUC), calibration curves, and predictive values were used to compare the accuracy of GPS. AP was defined as primary Gleason grade 4, presence of any Gleason pattern 5, and/or non-organ-confined disease (≥pT3aN0M0) at radical prostatectomy.

      Results

      Overall, 96 AA and 76 EA men were selected and 46 (26.7%) had AP. GPS result was a significant predictor of AP (odds ratio per 20 GPS units [OR/20 units] in AA: 4.58; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.8-11.5, P = .001; and EA: 4.88; 95% CI 1.8-13.5, P = .002). On multivariate analysis, there was no significant interaction between GPS and race (P >.10). GPS remained significant in models adjusted for either National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) risk group or Cancer of the Prostate Risk Assessment (CAPRA) score. In race-stratified models, area under the receiver operating characteristics curves for GPS/20 units was 0.69 for AAs vs 0.74 for EAs (P = .79). The GPS distributions were not statistically different by race (all P >.05).

      Conclusion

      In this clinical validation study, the Oncotype DX GPS is an independent predictor of AP at prostatectomy in AA and EA men with similar predictive accuracy and distributions.
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