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Evaluation of Generic Versus Condition-Specific Quality of Life Indicators for Successful Urethral Stricture Surgery

Published:December 20, 2018DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.urology.2018.12.009

      Abstract

      Objective

      To compare the utility of generic health quality of life (QOL) and condition specific indicators as patient reported outcomes measures for urethral stricture surgery.

      Materials and Methods

      Patient data were obtained from the Trauma and Urologic Reconstructive Network of Surgeons collaborative database. Patients who underwent any successful urethroplasty and completed both pre- and postoperative generic and condition-specific questionnaires were included.

      Results

      A total of 201 patients met inclusion criteria. Urethral-stricture specific measures improved after surgery: mean LUTS score (13.1-4.0, p<0.05), Peeling curve (3.1-1.7, p < 0.05), and overall interference of urinary symptoms on life (3.0-1.6, p < 0.05). Mean overall health status visual analog scale (74.2-80.0, p < 0.05) and generic health QOL EQ-5D index scores (0.90-0.95, p < 0.05) also improved; however, individual EQ-5D measures assessing mobility, self-care, and activity level did not change. EQ-5D measures for pain/discomfort (1.48-1.23, p < 0.05) and anxiety/depression (1.33-1.21, p < 0.05) improved, but not to the same extent as stricture-specific measures. More patients reported improvement in condition-specific urethra/penis pain and bladder pain compared to improvement in generic EQ-5D pain/discomfort (p < 0.001).

      Conclusion

      Generic health QOL indicators are less meaningful in the assessment of urethral stricture surgery and should be replaced with condition-specific outcomes measures. It is important to ensure that appropriate condition-specific outcomes measures are utilized as patient reported outcomes measures become more prevalent in medicine and potentially become utilized to evaluate surgeon outcomes and determine surgeon reimbursement.
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