Pediatric Urology| Volume 112, P164-168, February 2018

Positioning the Instillation of Contrast Cystography: Does It Provide Any Clinical Benefit?

Published:November 15, 2017DOI:


      To outline positioning the instillation of contrast cystography (PICC)'s benefits in clinical practice.

      Materials and Methods

      A total of 198 patients underwent PICC with the following indications: patients with positive preoperative conventional voiding cystourethrography (VCUG) for a single ureteric side, patients with urinary tract infection (UTI), and negative VCUG for both ureteric sides. Patients with positive VCUG served as the control group. Preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative features of all patients were compared.


      The reflux rate for the contralateral vesicoureteric reflux (VUR) investigation group was 39.1%. Only the cystoscopic view of the anatomically deficient ureteric orifice was found to be a significant predictor of contralateral reflux (P = .002). For patients who presented with UTI, the reflux rate was 58.3%. Resolution of infection was assessed for patients who presented with UTI, and 54.1% of these patients had a complete response in the follow-up period. When the patients were classified as PICC positive and negative, infection-free rates were 58.3% and 48%, respectively (P = .296).


      PICC is an effective diagnostic method for revealing occult reflux. However, the clinical significance of this finding is vague. In patients with UTI, PICC was useful for diagnosing occult VUR and clearing the symptoms in more than half of the patients. Further, the symptom-free state in the follow up period was slightly higher but not more significant than it was in those with no VUR diagnosed.
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