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The Use of Magnetic Resonance Imaging to Predict Oncological Control Among Candidates for Focal Ablation of Prostate Cancer

Published:October 20, 2017DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.urology.2017.10.014

      Objective

      To provide insights into the role of multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) in predicting oncological control following 2 focal ablation (FA) templates for selective cases of prostate cancer.

      Materials and Methods

      A total of 59 radical prostatectomies were performed between 2012 and 2016 on cases that fulfilled criteria for FA. The Gleason score (GS), extent of Gleason pattern (GP) 4, maximum linear cross-sectional length (MLCSL), and location of tumor foci were recorded and related to scale on corresponding 3-mm transverse slice prostate maps. Gleason pattern 4 extra-focal disease (GP4EFD) was defined as prostate cancer with any GP 4 not detected by mpMRI and transrectal ultrasound systematic biopsy observed outside a specified ablation zone. The location of these GP4EFD relative to the MRI lesion (MRI-L) (contralateral or ipsilateral) was recorded and used to predict oncological control following a hypothetical margin and ipsilateral hemi-ablation templates.

      Results

      Overall, 15 of 59 (25.4%) of the prostate specimens had at least 1 GP4EFD. Of the total 20 GP4EFD, 7 of 20 (35%) were ipsilateral and 13 of 20 (65%) were contralateral to the MRI-L. Of the GP4EFD, 16 of 20 (80%), 2 of 20 (10%), and 2 of 20 (10%) were GS 3 + 4, GS 4 + 3, and GS 4 + 4, respectively. Of these GP4EFD, 10 of 20 (50%) exhibited an MLCSL <5 mm. Ablating only the MRI-L+10 mm or performing an ipsilateral hemi-ablation would leave residual GP4 in 14 of 59 (23.7%) and 11 of 59 (18.6%) of cases, respectively.

      Conclusion

      Because a significant proportion of candidates for FA based on mpMRI and systematic biopsy will have pre-existing GP4EFD outside ablation templates, active surveillance of the untreated prostate is mandatory.
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