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Outcomes of Urethroplasty to Treat Urethral Strictures Arising From Artificial Urinary Sphincter Erosions and Rates of Subsequent Device Replacement

      Objective

      To evaluate the success of urethroplasty for urethral strictures arising after erosion of an artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) and rates of subsequent AUS replacement.

      Patients and Methods

      From 2009-2016, we identified patients from the Trauma and Urologic Reconstruction Network of Surgeons and several other centers. We included patients with urethral strictures arising from AUS erosion undergoing urethroplasty with or without subsequent AUS replacement. We retrospectively reviewed patient demographics, history, stricture characteristics, and outcomes. Variables in patients with and without complications after AUS replacement were compared using chi-square test, independent samples t test, and Mann-Whitney U test when appropriate.

      Results

      Thirty-one men were identified with the inclusion criteria. Radical prostatectomy was the etiology of incontinence in 87% of the patients, and 29% had radiation therapy. Anastomotic (28) and buccal graft substitution (3) urethroplasty were performed. Follow-up cystoscopy was done in 28 patients (median 4.5 months, interquartile range [IQR]: 3-8) showing no urethral stricture recurrences. Median overall follow-up was 22.0 months (IQR: 15-38). In 27 men (87%), AUS was replaced at median of 6.0 months (IQR: 4-7) after urethroplasty. In 25 patients with >3 months of follow-up after AUS replacement, urethral complications requiring AUS revision or removal occurred in 9 patients (36%) and included subcuff atrophy (3) and erosion (6). Mean length of stricture was higher in patients who developed a complication after urethroplasty and AUS replacement (2.2 vs. 1.5 cm, P = .04).

      Conclusion

      In patients with urethral stricture after AUS erosion, urethroplasty is successful. However, AUS replacement after urethroplasty has a high erosion rate even in the short-term.
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