To report the characteristics, treatment, and short-term outcome of neonatal post-circumcision bleeding, and to identify predictors of surgical treatment.
Materials and Methods
The medical records of 90 consecutive neonates who presented to the emergency room with post-circumcision bleeding between 2009 and 2014 were reviewed. Circumcisions were performed using the traditional Mogen shield device. The study end point was surgical intervention for hemostasis. Predictors of surgical treatment were evaluated.
An estimated total of 28,383 circumcisions were performed during the study period; thus, the post-circumcision bleeding rate was 0.32%. Initial treatment included compressive dressing in 15 infants (17%) and hemostatic dressing in 47 infants (52%); 28 infants (31%) did not require treatment upon arrival to the emergency room. Two infants (2%) received blood transfusion. Surgical treatment was required in 11 infants (12%); 10 of 43 infants (23%) with active bleeding on arrival to the emergency room required surgery compared to 1 of 47 infants (2%) without active bleeding (P = .003). Similarly, 3 of 7 infants (43%) referred from other hospitals required surgery compared to 8 of 83 infants (10%) referred from the community (P = .037). Abnormal blood tests at presentation were not associated with surgical treatment. At 1 month of follow-up, 2 infants were admitted for recurrent bleeding. Coagulation abnormalities were found in 4 infants.
Surgical treatment was required in 12% of infants presenting to the emergency room with post-circumcision bleeding. The rate of surgical intervention was significantly higher in infants with active bleeding at presentation and in those referred from other hospitals. Physicians should consider admitting infants presenting with active post-circumcision bleeding, whereas infants without active bleeding may be observed and discharged.
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Published online: April 04, 2017
Accepted: March 28, 2017
Received: January 22, 2017
Financial Disclosure: The authors declare that they have no relevant financial interests.
© 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.