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Negative Multiparametric Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Prostate Predicts Absence of Clinically Significant Prostate Cancer on 12-Core Template Prostate Biopsy

      Objective

      To determine the negative predictive value of multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI), we evaluated the frequency of prostate cancer detection by 12-core template mapping biopsy in men whose mpMRI showed no suspicious regions.

      Methods

      Six hundred seventy patients underwent mpMRI followed by transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided systematic prostate biopsy from December 2012 to June 2016. Of this cohort, 100 patients had a negative mpMRI. mpMRI imaging sequences included T2-weighted and diffusion-weighted imaging, and dynamic contrast enhancement sequences.

      Results

      The mean age, prostate-specific antigen, and prostate volume of the 100 men included were 64.3 years, 7.2 ng/mL, and 71 mL, respectively. Overall cancer detection was 27% (27 of 100). Prostate cancer was detected in 26.3% (10 of 38) of patients who were biopsy-naïve, 12.1% (4 of 33) of patients who had a prior negative biopsy, and in 44.8% (13 of 29) of patients previously on active surveillance; Gleason grade ≥7 was detected in 3% of patients overall (3 of 100). The negative predictive value of a negative mpMRI was 73% for all prostate cancer and 97% for Gleason ≥7 prostate cancer.

      Conclusion

      There is an approximately 3% chance of detecting clinically significant prostate cancer with systematic TRUS-guided biopsy in patients with no suspicious findings on mpMRI. This information should help guide recommendations to patients about undergoing systematic TRUS-guided biopsy when mpMRI is negative.
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