Reconstructive Urology| Volume 90, P189-194, April 2016

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Risk Factors for Treatment Failure With the Adjustable Transobturator Male System Incontinence Device: Who Will Succeed, Who Will Fail? Results of a Multicenter Study

Published:January 07, 2016DOI:


      To identify risk factors for treatment failure of men with the adjustable transobturator male system (ATOMS) for treating stress urinary incontinence (SUI).

      Patients and Methods

      Sixty-two patients with SUI after prostate surgery were provided with an ATOMS. The self-defined criteria for treatment failure (implant removal [A], no improvement or ≥3 pads/24 hours [B], and no improvement or ≥150 mL urine loss/24 hours [C]) were compared to anamnestic, clinical, and time-specific parameters: age, Charlson comorbidity index (CCI), urine culture (UC), previous ineffective implants, body mass index, radiotherapy, renal function (serum creatinine), smoker status, urethral strictures, SUI severity, surgery time, time to and season at implantation, and port system application.


      After a median follow-up of 17.7 months, 9 ATOMS (15%) were removed due to infection (8) or dysfunction (1); 23% and 16% had treatment failure of criteria B and C. Dry rate/overall success rate was 61%/87%. Age alone was no risk factor but the CCI and a positive UC were univariate significant predictors of the criteria A, B, and C. Besides, previous devices and renal failure were significantly associated with implant removal (A) and SUI severity with criterion C. In multivariate analysis, previous devices (P = .0163), positive UC (P = .0190), and SUI severity (P = .0123) were the strongest predictors of A, B, and C, respectively.


      A poor CCI, preoperative positive UC, severe SUI, and previous implants lead to more treatment failure and removal. Age, body mass index, radiotherapy, urethral strictures, current smoking, time-specific parameters, seasonality, and port system application did not influence the outcome.
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